Server Certificate Requirements


Server certificate requirements are generally defined as the means adopted by Internet Web servers for maintaining security and confidentiality so as to help their clients, particularly those customers who use the Internet commerce. With the advancement of the electronic age in the 21st century, organizations have developed computer networks that consist of internet connections and other web facilities, which are prone to unauthorized access.

Users who are not authorized may create fake documents or edit the important ones, transfer personal mails, files and transactions of electronic commerce, etc. Hence, to confine the access to such important system files and electronic documents to only the authorized users, organizations generally issue server certificates that allow access only after identification of the certificate holder or the specific service.

What are the issuing authorities for a Server Certificate?

Server certificates are issued by respective authority systems after verification of the respective user’s credentials and only then access to the Web service is allowed, but installation of the system in the corresponding organization’s operating system is a primary requirement. The certificate needs to be installed for creation and management of certification authorities. For operation on a Microsoft Windows server, certification is generally a component of the services but the selection should be such that it is a part of the main installation in a setup program of the initial base server. There are four types of certificate authorities, and the concerned organization should choose the most appropriate one. They are:

  • Enterprise Root Certificate Authority
  • Enterprise Subordinate Certificate Authority
  • Stand-Alone Root Certificate Authority
  • Stand-Alone Subordinate Certificate Authority

What are the requirements for obtaining a Server Certificate?

The name of the certificate and the corresponding period of validity are compulsorily required to be provided for completion of the installation of certification authority. A few of the major steps for obtaining server certificate have been stated below:

  • Service provider: The server certificate is to be installed primarily and that requires a cryptographic service provider. Also known as the CSP, this service provider helps in encoding and decoding of the operations on behalf of the concerned authority. It also helps in the creation of a public key infrastructure that verifies and authenticates the certificate and enables validation of user’s transactions.
  • Database storage: Server certificates make use of database and the configuration data, backup, and logging depend on local storage facilities and should thus be kept in separate drives. New technology file systems, in place of systems that include file allocation table, are required to support installation of server components.
  • Other components: There are some more options that form part of server components, such as the Web Enrollment component and the Issuer Policy Statement. While the former allows web pages to clients for issuing requests, etc., the latter is provided for viewing various certificate issues, liabilities, etc.

Category: Certificate Requirements

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